Distribution Analysis of Doctors in Indonesia

Introduction:
The distribution of health workers was an important study in Indonesia which has a wide geographical range and challenges as an archipelagic country for the fulfillment of fair and equitable health services. Aim: The study was conducted to answer factors related to the distribution of doctors based on provinces in Indonesia.
Methods:
Advanced analysis of secondary data from “Data and Information: Indonesian Health Profile in 2017”. The analysis unit in this study was the province, all 34 provinces in Indonesia were analyzed. The dependent variable was the Number of Doctors. Dependent variables were the number of population, density, percentage of poor people, number of hospitals, and number of Puskesmas.
Results:
Variability in the availability of doctors was very wide. The more the population, the more attractive it was for doctors to practice in the province. The denser the population, the more attractive it was for doctors to practice in the province. The more the poor population, the more attractive it was for doctors to practice in the province. The more hospitals, the more attractive it was for doctors to practice in the province. The more Puskesmas, the more attractive it was for doctors to practice in the province. Conclusions:
All variables analyzed were related to the number of doctors. Variables of population, density, percentage of poor people, number of hospitals, and number of Puskesmas were positively related to the number of doctors.

Available on INA-Rxiv Pre-Print: https://osf.io/preprints/inarxiv/df6ns/

Citation:
APA
Laksono, A. D., Ridlo, I. A., & e. (2019, June 18). Distribution Analysis of Doctors in Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.31227/osf.io/df6ns
MLA
Laksono, Agung D., et al. “Distribution Analysis of Doctors in Indonesia.” INA-Rxiv, 18 June 2019. Web.
Chicago
Laksono, Agung D., Ilham A. Ridlo, and ernawaty. 2019. “Distribution Analysis of Doctors in Indonesia.” INA-Rxiv. June 18. doi:10.31227/osf.io/df6ns.

Gambaran Prevalensi Balita Stunting dan Faktor yang Berkaitan di Indonesia: Analisis Lanjut Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2017

ABSTRAK.

Hasil Riskesdas tahun 2007, 2013 dan 2018 menunjukan angka stunting pada balita masih di atas 30%. Sementara kemiskinan dibuktikan seringkali hadir bersamaan dengan terjadinya stunting pada balita. Gizi yang adekuat pada masa hamil dan pengawasan kesehatan ibu hamil melalui pelayanan antenatal care dinilai merupakan salah satu upaya sensitif dalam penanggulangan stunting. Studi ini ditujukan untuk menjawab apakah faktor kemiskinan dan ketersediaan layanan kesehatan berhubungan dengan prevalensi balita stunting di provinsi di Indonesia. Penelitian ini merupakan analisis lanjut data sekunder “Data dan Informasi: Profil Kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2017”. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dengan tabulasi silang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada kategori persentase penduduk miskin yang tinggi (> 14,43%) didominasi oleh prevalensi balita stunting yang tinggi (22,51%-30,0%). Pada kategori rasio Puskesmas per 100 ribu penduduk tinggi (≥ 4) terlihat didominasi oleh prevalensi balita stunting pada kategori tinggi (22,51%-30,0%). Pada kategori rasio tenaga gizi per 100 ribu penduduk tinggi (> 12) justru terlihat didominasi oleh prevalensi balita stunting kategori tinggi (22,51%-30,0%). Pada kategori rasio tenaga bidan per 100 ribu penduduk tinggi (> 97) didominasi oleh prevalensi balita stunting kategori tinggi (22,51%-30,0%). Disimpulkan bahwa persentase penduduk miskin berhubungan secara positif dengan prevalensi balita stunting. Sementara faktor input pelayanan kesehatan (Puskesmas, tenaga gizi, dan tenaga bidan) tidak berhubungan dengan prevalensi balita stunting. Disarankan pemerintah lebih memfokuskan sasaran kebijakan pada masyarakat miskin.

Kata Kunci: balita, stunting, profil kesehatan, kemiskinan

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331908237_Gambaran_Prevalensi_Balita_Stunting_dan_Faktor_yang_Berkaitan_di_Indonesia_Analisis_Lanjut_Profil_Kesehatan_Indonesia_Tahun_2017

Laksono, Agung & Kusrini, Ina. (2019). Gambaran Prevalensi Balita Stunting dan Faktor yang Berkaitan di Indonesia: Analisis Lanjut Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2017. 10.13140/RG.2.2.35448.70401. 

Urban and rural disparities in hospital utilization among Indonesian adults

Background:
Equal access to healthcare facilities, patient’s satisfaction, and respect for the desire of the patient were recognized as the basic principles of each of the health care system. Each person must be given the opportunity to access health services in accordance with the requirements of their health. We aimed to prove the existence of disparities hospital utilization based on the category of urban-rural areas. Methods: The research used the 2013 Indonesian Basic Health Survey (RKD) as analysis material, that was de-signed a cross-sectional survey. With the multi-stage cluster random sampling method, 722,329 respondents were obtained. Data were analyzed using Multinomial Logistic Regression tests. Results: The results showed adults living in urban were likely to use hospital outpatient facilities 1.246 times higher than adults living in rural areas (OR 1.246; 95% CI 1.026 – 1.030). The likelihood of utilizing at the same time outpatient and inpatient facilities at 1.134 times higher in adults living in urban than those in rural areas (OR 1.134; 95% CI 1.025 – 1.255). While for the category of hospital inpatient utilization, there was no significant difference. Conclusion: There was a disparity in hospital utilization between urban-rural areas. Urban show better utilization than rural areas in outpatient and at the same time the use of inpatient care.